Examples of Explanatory Texts: Definition, Structure, Characteristics, Language Rules

Examples of Explanatory Texts: Definition, Structure, Characteristics, Language Rules

This explanatory text material has not been found in textbooks that refer to the previous curriculum. Besides that, the availability of references on this material on the internet also proved to be very minimal. This situation is inversely reversed by the fact from the google search engine which notes that requests for information with the keyword “explanatory text” are quite high. That is, there are many people out there who are in need of discussion related to this text.

An event both natural events and social events that occur around us, always have a causal relationship and have a process. An event that happens around us, not only for us to observe and feel, but also for us to learn. We can study the incident, for example in terms of why and how it can happen.

Definition of Explanatory Text According to Experts
Explanation comes from a foreign language (English) which means the act of explaining or explaining and explaining information, statements or facts (The Contemporary English-Indonesian Dictionary: 651). Understanding Text Explanation (Explanation Text) is a text that contains processes related to natural, social, scientific, cultural, and other phenomena.

Whereas ACCORDING to Restuti (2013: 85) says that the definition of explanatory text is a text that explains or explains about natural or social processes or phenomena.

And According (Mahsun, 2013: 189): This text is structured with a structure consisting of parts that show a general statement (opening), a row of explanations (contents), and interpretations / conclusions. The general statement section contains brief information about what was discussed. The line description section contains a sequence of descriptions or explanations of the events that occurred. Meanwhile, the interpretation section contains the author’s brief opinion of the event that occurred. This section is the closing of explanatory texts that may or may not exist.

Purpose of Explanatory Text

The purpose of explanatory text writing is to explain the process of creating something that happens naturally, or the process of working natural and social phenomena.

Text Structure Explanation
Explanatory text has a structure consisting of general statements, followed by a sequence of causes and ends with interpretations. To understand more about the structure, please refer to the following description.

General Statement, Contains general explanation of the phenomena to be discussed, can be in the form of introduction to the phenomenon or explanation. The general explanation written in this text is in the form of a general description of what, why, and how the process of natural events can occur.

Row of explanations, Contains an explanation of the process of why these phenomena can occur or be created and can consist of more than one paragraph. A series of explanations describe and specify the causes and consequences of a natural disaster that occurs.

Interpretation (Optional), Closing text that is optional; not a necessity. The closing text in question is, text which is the essence or conclusion of a general statement and a series of explanations. Optionally it can be in the form of responses or draw conclusions on the statements in the text (Mahsun, 2013)

Characteristics of the Explanatory text

Explanatory text has 3 characteristics that can make it easier for us to distinguish between explanatory texts and other texts, here will be a third explanation of the characteristics of explanatory texts.

The structure consists of general statements, sequence of causes and interpretations as explained above.

Contains information based on “factual” facts.

Factually it contains information that is scientific or scientific in nature such as science and others.

Rules of Expectation of Text Explanation
Explanatory texts generally have the following language characteristics:

Focus on general “generic” not human participants (nonhuman participants) such as earthquakes, floods, rain and air.

It is possible to use scientific terms.

More use material and relational verbs “active verbs”.

Use time conjunctions and causals for example if, if, so, before, first and then.

Using passive sentences.

Explanation is written to justify that something causally explained is true.

Assignment Psychology and Learning

When grading Psychology and Learning, the optimal combination will be the exam, assignments, quizzes, and the final exam. The quiz will entail the questions in the discussion section. When assigning the problem in every discussion section, it might be an easier or harder problem because selection will be random. In the case of extra credit, it will be measured based on the amount of time one spends on it and also the quality of work. In the final exam, the instructor will take the exam questions from the number of sources including the textbooks, lectures, and assigned problems. Therefore, the teacher will have to include all the scores the students acquired in the exams, quizzes, assignments, and the final exam when grading the psychology of learning.

The final score is 100 percent. It will include the combination of the 20% quizzes, 20% midterm exam, 30% assignments, 10% extra credit, and 20% final exam. The combination of the exams, quizzes, assignment, extra credit, and the final exam will provide the final score for the semester. A carefully written test and graded assignments are key to the accurate grading. The instructor will communicate the percentages of every grade to the students so that they can understand the instructor’s expectations for the student to structure their work effort. Completing the quizzes, exam, and assignments tend to carry the most grades than even the final exam. Thus, it will be important for the student to pay more attention when completing the assignments, mid exams, quizzes, and even the extra credit so that they can pass the final exam. The final exam will encompass everything that the student studied in the class.

An approach to boosting class attendance and one that will reduce lateness is through structuring the class. It is significant to structure the class in such a manner that students who attend the class will receive obvious benefits such as better grades, informative entertainment, and personal growth. During the class sessions, it will be necessary to test on materials covered in class. All the class material presented including video clips, guest speakers, and class discussion will be fair games that convey that class time is of great value. Students should know that the amount of in-class material will be in the tests. It is necessary to ensure that the subject matter is personally relevant, which will ensure that comprehension and understanding are meaningful. In this way, it will motivate students to attend lectures that reflect elements of the interests, background, or future. Some students may leave class because of the boring sessions of only listening to the instructor a better way of ensuring that students do not leave class is through ensuring that they participate in class. Providing students with a chance to discuss certain issues of relevance during the class session may help reduce students leaving class early.

A better strategy to help students perform well in class is through structuring the course and each class to help students know what they expect. At every beginning of the class, I will explain the focus of the class and what they must be able to do and know by the end of the class. Creating a positive climate for learning will also help support students. It is necessary to craft certain opportunities for students to participate in the learning experience and also promote social exchange for learning among students.

Community Pharmacy Services in Mimika, Indonesia

Community pharmacies play a crucial role in providing healthcare services, especially in regions like Mimika, Indonesia, where access to healthcare facilities may be limited. These pharmacies serve as accessible points of care, offering a range of essential services and products to local residents. Here’s an exploration of the community pharmacy services available in Mimika:

 

1. Accessible Medications:

Pafikabmimika, ensure the availability of essential medications, catering to the immediate healthcare needs of the community. This accessibility is vital, considering the challenges in reaching larger healthcare facilities.

 

2. Health Education and Counseling:

Pharmacists in these community settings often provide valuable health education and counseling. They inform patients about medication usage, potential side effects, and proper health practices, empowering them to manage their health more effectively.

 

3. Chronic Disease Management:

Many residents in Mimika suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Community pharmacies offer services like blood pressure monitoring, blood sugar testing, and medication adherence counseling to support these patients in managing their conditions.

 

4. Immunizations and Preventive Care:

Vaccinations and immunizations are crucial for preventing infectious diseases. Community pharmacies in Mimika often collaborate with health authorities to provide immunization services, ensuring that residents, especially children and the elderly, receive necessary vaccinations.

 

5. Over-the-Counter (OTC) Products:

Beyond prescription medications, community pharmacies stock a variety of over-the-counter products like vitamins, first aid supplies, and personal care items. This availability is essential in meeting the daily health and wellness needs of the community.

 

6. Patient Convenience:

Community pharmacies in Mimika prioritize convenience for patients by offering extended hours, quick service, and sometimes home delivery of medications. These efforts are particularly beneficial for elderly patients or those with mobility issues.

 

7. Collaboration with Healthcare Providers:

Pharmacists in community pharmacies often collaborate closely with physicians and other healthcare providers. This collaboration ensures coordinated care and effective management of patient health, especially in cases requiring multiple medications or complex treatment plans.

 

8. Emergency Care Support:

During emergencies or natural disasters, community pharmacies in Mimika serve as critical points for immediate healthcare needs. They often stock emergency medications and supplies, providing essential support to the community during challenging times.

 

9. Health Screening Services:

Some community pharmacies in Mimika offer health screening services such as cholesterol testing, BMI (Body Mass Index) measurements, and basic health assessments. These screenings help identify health risks early and encourage proactive healthcare management.

 

10. Community Engagement and Support:

Beyond their role in healthcare provision, community pharmacies actively engage with the local community through health awareness campaigns, support groups, and partnerships with local organizations. This involvement fosters a stronger community approach to health and well-being.

 

In conclusion, Pafikabmimika play a vital role in ensuring access to essential healthcare services for local residents. From providing medications and health education to offering preventive care and emergency support, these pharmacies are integral to the community’s health infrastructure. Their continuous efforts contribute significantly to improving health outcomes and quality of life in Mimika.